Getting Started ABP With AspNet Core MVC Web Application

This tutorial explains how to start ABP from scratch with minimal dependencies. You generally want to start with a startup template.

Create A New Project

  1. Create a new empty AspNet Core Web Application from Visual Studio:

  1. Select Empty Template

You could select another template, but I want to show it from a clear project.

Install Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc Package

Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc is AspNet Core MVC integration package for ABP. So, install it to your project:

Install-Package Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc

Create First ABP Module

ABP is a modular framework and it requires a startup (root) module class derived from AbpModule:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Volo.Abp;
using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Modularity;
using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Volo.Abp.Modularity;

namespace BasicAspNetCoreApplication
{
    [DependsOn(typeof(AbpAspNetCoreMvcModule))]
    public class AppModule : AbpModule
    {
        public override void OnApplicationInitialization(ApplicationInitializationContext context)
        {
            var app = context.GetApplicationBuilder();
            var env = context.GetEnvironment();

            if (env.IsDevelopment())
            {
                app.UseDeveloperExceptionPage();
            }

            app.UseMvcWithDefaultRoute();
        }
    }
}

AppModule is a good name for the startup module for an application.

ABP packages define module classes and a module can depend on another module. In the code above, our AppModule depends on AbpAspNetCoreMvcModule (defined by Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc package). It's common to add a DependsOn attribute after installing a new ABP nuget package.

Instead of Startup class, we are configuring ASP.NET Core pipeline in this module class.

The Startup Class

Next step is to modify Startup class to integrate to ABP module system:

using System;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;

namespace BasicAspNetCoreApplication
{
    public class Startup
    {
        public IServiceProvider ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
            services.AddApplication<AppModule>();

            return services.BuildServiceProviderFromFactory();
        }

        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
        {
            app.InitializeApplication();
        }
    }
}

Changed ConfigureServices method to return IServiceProvider instead of void. This change allows us to replace AspNet Core's Dependency Injection with another framework (see Autofac integration section below). services.AddApplication<AppModule>() adds all services defined in all modules beginning from the AppModule.

app.InitializeApplication() call in Configure method initializes and starts the application.

Hello World!

The application above does nothing. Let's create an MVC controller does something:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Volo.Abp.AspNetCore.Mvc;

namespace BasicAspNetCoreApplication.Controllers
{
    public class HomeController : AbpController
    {
        public IActionResult Index()
        {
            return Content("Hello World!");
        }
    }
}

If you run the application, you will see a "Hello World!" message on the page.

Derived HomeController from AbpController instead of standard Controller class. This is not required, but AbpController class has useful base properties and methods to make your development easier.

Using Autofac as the Dependency Injection Framework

While AspNet Core's Dependency Injection (DI) system is fine for basic requirements, Autofac provides advanced features like Property Injection and Method Interception which are required by ABP to perform advanced application framework features.

Replacing AspNet Core's DI system by Autofac and integrating to ABP is pretty easy.

  1. Install Volo.Abp.Autofac package
Install-Package Volo.Abp.Autofac
  1. Add AbpAutofacModule Dependency
[DependsOn(typeof(AbpAspNetCoreMvcModule))]
[DependsOn(typeof(AbpAutofacModule))] //Add dependency to ABP Autofac module
public class AppModule : AbpModule
{
    ...
}
  1. Change services.AddApplication<AppModule>(); line in the Startup class as shown below:
services.AddApplication<AppModule>(options =>
{
    options.UseAutofac(); //Integrate to Autofac
});

Source Code

Get source code of the sample project created in this tutorial from here.

In this document